TROJAN REGGAE REVIVE BOX SET (TJETD029) - While most forms of Jamaican music have long since become labelled and categorised, the style of music created during the post Rocksteady, pre-Dub/Roots years defied classification for years, with the terms 'Revive' or 'Classic Reggae' only recently being widely accepted as a fitting description by collectors and specialist shops. As Trojan's own way of celebrating the music made during this brief, but influential age, we have brought together 50 of the rarest and most sought-after 'Revive' recordings from the late sixties, resulting in a set that is sure to fulfil many a collector's dream.

This era has not been well documented and some of the performers have long since become faded memories. As luck will have it some of those who were there at the time have long memories and together we have been able to collate a small amount of information about the contributors to this woefully underrated period.

Mrs Sonia Pottinger produced the earliest track on this collection, 'Going Back Home', a scorcher recorded by Linval Martin's group, Al And The vibrators way back in 1967. Pottinger also produced the virtual title track 'Revival' by keyboards playerLeslie Butler alongside the Gaytones, as well as the Conquerors sublime early Reggae offering 'Anywhere You Want To Go', first issued early in 1969. Undoubtedly the most successful female Jamaican record producer of all time, Mrs Pottinger initially opened her Tip top record shop in Kingston in the mid-sixties before producing hits through her High Note and Gayfeet labels on which these three tracks first appeared.

Former Gayfeet artist, Wilburn 'Stranger' Cole, who first gained notoriety in 1962 with the classic Ska hit 'Rough And Tough' produced and performed 'Over Again' (1968) and 'Pretty Cottage' (1969) on which he was accompanied vocally by top session pianist Gladstone 'Gladdy' Anderson. The pair first made their mark as a duo on the Joe Gibbs produced 'Just Like A River' which featured on the Trojan release 'Jack Of Hits/Explosive Rock Steady' (CDTRL 377) and if you like the tracks featured here you'll want to check this release out. While Joe Gibbs relished success with Stranger and Gladdy, his contribution to this set features Arkland 'Drumbago' Parks and the Blenders upbeat instrumental 'The Game Song'.

Boris Gardiner is well known in Reggae circles and is no stranger to the pop charts having scored a UK number one hit with 'I Want To Wake Up With You' as well as the Trojan chart topper, 'Elizabethan Reggae'. In 1967 Boris worked closely with the aforementioned Leslie Butler before recording and producing the appropriately titled 'I'm Alone' the following year.

Another singer turned producer that features in this retrospective is Derrick Harriott, who produced 'Magic Touch' by Junior Murvin in 1968. Twelve years later Junior relished international chart success with 'Police And Thieves', three years after having topped the Jamaican charts with the same song. Other contributions from Derrick Harriott include his production of an instrumental version 'Stop That Train', entitled 'Easy Ride (aka Stop That Man)', featuring the haunting keyboards of Ike Bennett and the producer's in-house band the Crystalites who, inspired by the Apollo missions of the late '60s, also cut 'Splash Down' in 1969. 'Stop That Train' was originally a hit for Keith Rowe and Texas dixon, whose superb 'This Is My Song' opens the second disc of this compilation. Another rare treat is an early Reggae version of Little Anthony & The Imperials' Doo wop classic, 'Tears On My Pillow' by Rudy Mills, who is celebrated for the classic 'John Jones', featured on Trojan's most successful compilation of all-time, 'Tighten Up Volume Two' (TJCCD017).

Arthur 'Duke' Reid's halcyon days in Jamaican music were during the Rocksteady period, although his productions here prove that he was still a force to be reckoned with in the late '60s. This is clearly indicated by his production of the Silvertones' (Carl Grant, Delroy Denton and Keith Coley) 'Intensified Change', issued soon after the demise of Rocksteady in 1969. The Duke also produced Jamaica's own Frank Sinatra, Vic Taylor, who conveys 'My Heartache', as well as Radcliffe Butler's 'You Got To Love Me'. His final contributions come from one of his celebrated in-house band, the Supersonics, who were led by ace saxophonist Tommy McCook. The band's two contributions to this compilation are sought-after version of 'The Liquidator' and surreptitiously titled 'Out Of Sight', featuring trombonist Danny Simpson. McCook later spent time working with the Rastafarian cultural icon Count Ossie, whose 'Blacker Black' is one of two Bobby Kalphat productions featured, the other being 'Out On The Town' by vocal duo, Bunny and Ruddy.

Any follower of Jamaican music will know how intertwined the music can be and this is clearly apparent on this compilation. The aforementioned 'Liquidator' was another Trojan chart topper produced by Harry Johnson, who also features on this revival festival. Here his production of 'Happy Time' by Keble Drummond and 'The Moon Is Playing Tricks On Me' by Trevor Shield bears out his confidence in the singers as soloists, the vocalists having previously made their mark with the Cables and Beltones, respectively. The latter, featuring Shield on lead vocals cut 'Home Without You' as a follow-up to 'No More Heartaches', a record considered by some to be first genuine reggae record, although there are a number of contenders to that claim. Other examples of Johnson's productions on this set include a lively instrumental cut of Kid Gungo's 'Hold The Pussy', entitled 'Jay Fever', by saxophonist Carl Bryan and the Jay Boys and 'Candy Lane' by the lesser known vocal duo, Hugh Black and George Ferris.

Lloyd Daley initially opened a television and radio shop in Waltham Park in the mid-fifties before setting up his own Matador sound system later in the decade. He followed the natural progression from sound system to production work and in 1968 enjoyed his first major success with a vocal group called the Scorchers. He produced a number of legendary Reggae groups that had learnt their craft at Studio One, including the Hamlins, which consisted of Alton Brown and Egbert Stewart and who recorded 'News Carrier' for the producer in 1968. Daley also produced the Wesley Tinglin-led Viceroys (aka the Voiceroys) who cut 'Promise Promises' the following year, while also from 1969 comes Roy Cousin's vocal group, The Royal, who weigh in with their version of Gene McDaniel's R&B hit, '100 Pounds Of Clay'.

While acknowledging the alternative cuts from Studio One groups, this compilation features some of Downbeat's top soloists including Winston 'Bobby' Francis and Larry Marshall. Studio One is also celebrated for the emergence of the legendary Lee 'Scratch' Perry who in '69 produced 'Ease Up' by the Bleechers, a group formed by Leo Graham who as well as enjoying a solo career is the father of the celebrated 90s roots reggae singer, Daweh Congo.

Perry, who had made his initial mark in the Jamaican recording industry with recordings for Clement 'Coxsone' Dodd in the early sixties, later worked with Karl 'Sir J.J.' Johnson, a producer who by the close of the decade had established a distinctive sound that brought great success for the Ethiopians. His trademark style is demonstrated on 'Got to Be Free' by the Rulers, a group with whom he had first worked with in early 1967.

Glen Brown is a well-respected figure in the Jamaican recording industry and appears on this compilation accompanied by long-time singing partner, Lloyd Robinson on 'Girl you're Cold'. The Brown dynasty is further represented by Noel 'Bunny' Brown who alongside Timmy George produced three tracks for their short-live Kismet label, including the late Freddie McKay's 'So Long Farewell' and the Progressions' 'Live Only For Love'. The duo also produced 'Love You Most Of All' by the Emotions, a vocal group featuring Lloyd Shakespeare (brother of Robbie) and Kenneth Knight that are best remembered as the catalyst of Max Romeo's career. By 1968 Romeo had established his career with Bunny Lee while the group continued to release sporadic singles before disappearing from the music scene in the early seventies.

Lynn Taitt is another celebrated figure in the Jamaican recording industry, although he originally set out on his music career as a steel pan player in Trinidad. When he arrived in Jamaica in the early sixties he worked with a number of groups before forming the Jets, who he fronted on the Richard Khouri-produced 'Why Am I treated so Bad'. Taitt also performed on 'One True Love', a fine vocal offering by yet another obscure group to be featured on this set, the Selectors.

Another celebrated producer, who work is highlighted on this compilation is Leslie Kong, who as well as producing Bob Marley's debut 'Judge Not', was responsible for the recording that introduced Reggae to a global audience; 'Israelites'. Considerably less known are his two productions featured here - the delicious 'Banana Water (aka Gimme Gimme Gal)' by the Mellotones and the Clarendonians' upbeat 'Baby Don't You do It', from 1969. Another production stable with Chinese lineage were the much less successful Wong brothers, who were responsible for the Motown-inspired Soul tops 'Swing Baby swing', which rocks along nicely on this revival rhythm.

Formed In the early sixties, the Gaylads featured the vocal talents of Winston Delano Stewart, Harris 'B.B.' Seaton and Maurice Roberts and were already established as one of Jamaica's favourite acts when they teamed up with Lynford 'Andy Capp' Anderson to record 'Wha' She Do Now' - a song they also recorded for Randy's in 1969. A tenuous it may be, but Maurice was also the name of a certain Maurice Johnson, who with Albert Gene 'Clive' Murphy and Norman Davis formed the Tennors in the early '60s. Following Davis' departure around 1968, Ronnie Davis was recruited and it was the line up of George, Ronnie and Maurice that recoded the inspiring 'Massie Massa' for their own Tennors imprint later that year.

Joe White is one of many unsung heroes from this era despite cutting a number of top tunes over the years. His contribution to this compilation features two tracks - the highly prized 'My guiding Light', produced by Charles Ross and an equally obscure rendering of the Johnny Ace song 'Never Let Me Go', initially issued in Jamaica on Lloyd Clarke's' 'Kings' label in 1969.

After forming the Techniques in 1962, Winston Riley went on to become one of Jamaica's most successful producers of the '70s and '80s, giving Trojan a UK number one hit in 1971 with his production of Dave and Ansel Collins' 'Double Barrel'. In the '80s he found success with General Echo and Tenor Saw. And was also one of the first producers to recognise the potential of the iconic Buju Banton. Among his least known productions is 'The Girl I Love', recorded by the immensely obscure Visions early in '69.

The late Theophilus Beckford was one of the pioneers of Jamaican music and his Studio One hit 'Easy Snappin'' is widely regarded as the first Ska hit with it's emphasis on the off beat. In 1968 he revisited the song for the PNP's musical advisor and prolific hit maker, Clancy Eccles, leading to a revival of his career. In 1992 the original version featured in a television commercial for jeans, although sadly Theo saw little in the way of financial remuneration and recently died virtually penniless after being stabbed in his hometown of Kingston.

Rudolph 'Ruddy' Redwood originally operated a sound system based in Spanish Town district known as 'Ruddy's Supreme Ruler Of sound' where he pioneered the use of dub-plates. He later became involved in production work and we are proud to include the melodic 'Life Is But A Dream' by Winston Shand and the Sheiks, in the hope that his contribution does not go unnoticed. Like the aforementioned Winston Shand and the Sheiks, Amiel Moodie & The Dandemites were another act whose recording career was all too brief, the group disappearing from the music scene soon after cutting the self-produced 'Life Line', towards the close of '68.

The same year, Winston 'Mr Fixit' Francis cut 'The Break' and partnered an as yet unidentified singer on 'It Ain't' for Disclick Records, a short-lived label that also issued the Band Of Mercy And salvation's reproachful 'Suffering Stink' which became a firm favourite on the UK Reggae scene early in 1969.

Although we have not followed the running order of the tracks our final look at the artistes on this compilation is Larry Marshall. As well as working at Studio One, Larry had recorded for Phillip Yap and Prince Buster, while his duet with Alvin Leslie, 'Nannie Goat' is another credible contender the first ever Reggae recording. Recorded around the same time as the aforementioned 'Nannie Goat' was 'Money Girl', cut for producer Ken Lack aka Blondel Calnek. Marshall is probably best remembered for his rendering of 'Throw Me Corn' which has since become something of a Reggae anthem.

So there you have it - a little history of the revival linchpins that are still celebrated today in the dancehall, when the selector rewinds and comes back again.

Stephen Nye

DISC 1

DISC 2

DISC 3

Going Back Home
Al & The Vibrators
Over Again
Stranger & Gladdy
Why Am I Treated So Bad
Lyn Taitt & The Jets
Girl You're Cold
Lloyd & Glen
Swing, Baby, Swing
The Soul Tops
My Guiding Light
Joe White
Revival
Leslie Butler & The Gaytones
News Carrier
The Hamlins
Blacker Black (aka Africa)
Count Ossie & His Band
On The Town
Bunny & Ruddy
So Long, Farewell
Freddie McKay
Easy Snappin'
Theo Beckford
Massie Massa
The Tennors
Money Girl
Larry Marshall
Live Only For Love
The Progressions
Magic Touch
Junior Murvin
Love You Most Of All
The Emotions

This Is My Song (aka Let Me Be The One)
Keith & Tex
One True Love
The Selectors & The Lyn Taitt Orchestra
Life Line
Amiel Moodie & The Dandemites
I'm Alone
Boris Gardiner & The Keys
Banana Water (aka Gimme, Gimme Girl)
The Mellotones
Suffering Stink
Band of Mercy & Salvation
The Break
Winston Francis
It Ain't
Lloyd & Randolph
Candy Lady
Black & George
The Game Song
Drumbago & The Blenders
Happy Time
Keble Drummond
Out Of Sight
Danny Simpson & The Supersonics
The Girl I Love
The Visions
Home Without You
The Beltones
Splash Down
The Crystalites
A Hundred Pounds Of Clay
The Royals

The Moon Is Playing Tricks On Me
Trevor Shield
Never Let Me Go
Joe White
Jay Fever (aka Shining)
Carl Bryan & The Jay Boys
Tears On My Pillow
Rudy Mills
Anywhere You Want To Go
The Conquerors
Baby Don't You Do It
The Clarendonians
Promises, Promises
The Viceroys
Wha' She Do Now
The Gaylads
Liquidator
Tommy McCook & The Supersonics
Ease Up
The Bleechers
Got To Be Free
The Rulers
Intensified Change
The Silvertones
My Heartaches (Reggae mix)
Vic Taylor
You Got To Love Me
Radcliffe Butler
Pretty Cottage
Stranger & Gladdy
Life Is But A Dream
Winston Shand & The Shieks
Stop That Man (aka Easy Ride)
Ike Bennett & The Crystalites

Time - 44:43

Time - 41:35

Time - 47:51

All material Copyright Trojan Records